Our understanding of the world continues to expand because of science, but there are still many things out there that science simply can’t explain. It seems that the more we learn, the more mysteries we find. Here are 7 that are still baffling scientists.
Baltic Sea Anomaly
On June 19, 2011, a crew of Swedish divers from the “Ocean X Team” discovered a large, disc-shaped object settled on the seabed of the Baltic Sea while searching for shipwrecks. It was reported that the formation rests on a pillar and includes a structure similar in appearance to a staircase, leading to a dark hole. No one is certain what the origin of this object is. Some theories include a World War II anti-submarine device, a battleship gun turret, sediment dropped by a fishing trawler, or a flying saucer.
Cows Always Face North Or South While Eating
This was never noticed until very recently, when a team of scientists going through Google Earth satellite images of cows noticed that whenever they are grazing that they will stand facing north and south along the Earth’s magnetic poles. Some animals do have an internal compass, but never before has there been a documented case in a large mammal. Also strange is that the closer they get to the pole, the less accurate their orientation. This has been observed in cows over 6 continents.
Why Some Mammals Moved Back Into Water
Marine animals evolved to move out of the water and onto land, which made sense as the land contained plenty of untapped resources that could help life to continue. But what we don’t know is why some, including the immediate ancestors of whales and seals, evolved to move back into the sea. It’s more difficult, from an evolutionary perspective, to move from the land to the sea then it was to move from the sea to the land. This is because swimming takes much more energy than walking. This continues to perplex scientists.
Cocaine & Tobacco Mummy Residue
In 1992, when German scientists were testing Egyptian mummies, they found remnants of tobacco, hashish and cocaine in their bones, skin and hair. Seems reasonable until you realize that both items grew only in the Americas in pre-Columbian time. There were no transoceanic contact between Africa and South America during antiquity, so how they got the drugs is a mystery.
The Patomskiy Crater
In 1949, geologist Vadim Kolpakov was on an expidition in Siberia that took him deep into nearly uncharted territory. As he went deeper, he was warned by the local Yakut people to turn around. They explained that there was an evil place deep in the woods that even the animals avoided. They called it the “Fire Eagle Nest” and claimed that people would start to feel unwell near it—and some would simply disappear without a trace.
Kolpakov was unperturbed by the warnings and carried on to find “A giant crater, the size of “a 25-story building,” shooting up out of the earth. It resembled a volcano, but there had been no volcanoes in the area for at least a few million years. Also, the crater looked like it had been formed relatively recently – Kolpakov estimated it as around 250 years old, a figure supported by later studies of nearby tree growth. Nearby trees seemed to have undergone a period of accelerated growth similar to that seen in the forests around Chernobyl.
Kolpakov was not able to solve the mystery of the crater. He theorized that it might have been from a meteorite strike, but it does not resemble any other known meteorite site. Other theories include the crater being a volcano or the location of a UFO crash. In 2005, an expedition was launched in the hopes of finding some answers, but they never made it. The leader of the expedition died of a heart attack just a few kilometers away from the site. The locals were convinced it was the “evil” crater that led to his death.
In several locations, rocks have been found after moving far across a desert floor. In many cases they have even turned or reversed direction. It’s believed that wind could cause them to blow across a wet bed after a rainstorm turns into ice in the freezing desert nights.
A Blank Spot in the Universe
Astronomers at the University of Minnesota were taking surveys of the night sky when they found an enormous region that indicated that there was 45% less matter than a normal night sky. After a more focused scan, they found that the area was actually completely empty. No galaxies, stars, just blank space. It was thought it could be a giant black hole, but after study, it was found that wasn’t the case. This spot is so large that it is 1 billion light years across, making the full area around 6 billion light years of nothing.