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The market of small and medium-sized companies

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The market of small and medium-sized companies

It is no secret that stocks of fairly large companies are mainly traded on exchanges. However, the business world is not just made up of giant corporations. There are a lot of joint-stock companies of a small scale, and very small companies in it. Let’s talk about how to acquire shares of such enterprises and whether it is worth doing.

Questions and answers

Even those Indians whose interests lie far from the stock market have probably heard that the Delhi Exchange exists in the country and the shares of various companies are traded on it. However, an interesting paradox arises: approximately 200 shares from various issuers are currently traded on the stock exchange, but there are significantly more joint-stock companies in India. What happens to the shares of other companies, whether they can be bought or sold, how profitable it is to deal with them. Solid unanswered questions.

In fact, of course, there are answers, but not all private investors know them. Even among those who already have their own portfolio of securities. The thing is that in addition to the stock exchange, shares are also traded on the so-called “OTC market”. As a rule, securities of small companies that could not go through the listing procedure on the Delhi Exchange are traded there. That is why it is sometimes called the market for small and medium-sized companies.

Life outside the exchange

It should be noted that the over-the-counter market is not some exclusive feature of India: in one form or another, it exists in almost all countries. In the USA, for example, a similar market is called “over-the-counter” (OTC). In India, as in most countries, the OTC market is divided into two categories: unorganized and organized.

Unorganized market

In everyday life, you have to meet a similar market quite often. Formally, it refers to any transaction that leads to the preparation of the contract. Buying an apartment or car, for example. Shares, which may well be the subject of a transaction between two individuals, are no exception. The transfer of ownership of securities following the results of such a transaction is recorded directly in the register of shareholders of the issuer, bypassing the depositary stage. However, it is difficult to find a counterparty on your own, and such transactions are extremely rare.

Organized market

Such a market is characterized by the existence of information systems with remote access, through which you can find out about quotes put by market participants on a particular security. In this sense, it looks like a classic exchange trading, however, the similarity is only apparent.

The most popular over-the-counter trading platform in India is the RTS Board information system.

At one time, this platform was created as part of the Indian Trading System (RTS), and after the merger of the RTS with the Delhi Interbank Currency Exchange (MICEX), which led to the appearance of the Delhi Exchange, it set off for free float.

Main characteristics

Let’s look at the main features of an organized over-the-counter market and its differences from the stock exchange. At the same time, we will focus on the practice of trading through the RTS Board information platform.

Targeted Applications

Trading on the stock exchange, the investor does not know from whom he bought these or those shares. It is not even known whether one was a seller or several. Exchange quotes are completely anonymized – this is called a system of addressless orders. The OTC market uses targeted orders: participants see who exactly made a particular offer.

Indicative quotes

Quotes on the stock exchange quoted on the exchange are “solid”: at any time you can make a deal at the indicated price, simply by clicking on the order you like. Moreover, if you apply for a sale or purchase, and the system already has a counter offer at the same or a better price, the transaction will happen automatically.

On the OTC market, all quotes are indicative. They simply express the interest of a market participant in a particular security. To complete the transaction, you must contact the brokerage company that submitted the application and agree on the conditions. USA routing number At the same time, the final price and / or volume may differ significantly from that indicated in the application, and in general there is no certainty that the transaction will be concluded.

No restrictions on traded shares

Before the circulation on the stock exchange, shares of any company must undergo a listing procedure. For its successful passage, securities must meet stringent requirements for both the parameters of the issue and the financial condition of the issuer. At the same time, listing is a rather expensive procedure, which is far from affordable for all companies. This barrier is designed to protect inexperienced investors from acquiring shares in dubious firms.

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How a company can get an IEC 61482 Certificate

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61482-header

What is the IEC 61482 certificate?

For fixing non-arc-resistant control equipment or electrical sockets or, for example, while working on equipment high-voltage, employees are asked to wear arc protective clothing while exposed to an electrical arc. The protective clothing that is good enough to withstand multiple specific tests is certified under IEC 61482 certificate.

This norm is intended to protect the workers against thermal hazards. This is a procedure for the safety of employees employed in an electric industry from thermal hazards. The norm refers to work in areas at risk of electric arcs. While operating directly with transformers, cables, electric boxes or domestic booths, the potential for arc energy is 240 kJ to 500 kJ or greater.

Design requirements by IEC 61482

In order not to be in direct touch with the skin of the wearer, all-metal components, such as buttons, zips, etc., have to be protected on or inside the garments of the wearer, so that these components can not come into direct contact with the skin of the wearer. The wearer must not be burned or melted, and the risk of burning with buttons, zips or other accessories does not increase. After an electric arch, the clothing must be opened and the interior of the clothing must be fully intact, without any pieces being melted or burned. Long sleeves should be on top of the body. Two-piece wear needs a minimum layer of 20 cm from the jacket to the pants for all work activities. Clothing goods shall consist of materials that are fire retardant. The material must not be reduced or ignited and must not exceed 5%.

To receive it, all the specifications should be met under IEC 61482.

Open arc test of IEC 61482

Test Method 1: This test defines flame retardant arc rates (ATPV or EBT50, respectively). All ATPV and EBT tests are carried out in the same open-test. The first result is recorded arc score in cal / cm2. The material is initially opened when the materials have a higher thermal insulation value than the arc heat power. If not, then the contents will be charred before it opens. The lowest is the one for clothing labeling. There is none better than the other. EBT is essentially stronger than isolated and ATP is less insulated than solid.

Generally, the EBT ensures the wearer’s clothes are more comfortable and knitted, but not less secure. You can never decide the healthy clothing you wear based on the ATPV or the EBT clothe ranking. Those are considered to be more partners in collaboration. ATPV is a thermal energy incident for a material that provides a likelihood of causes of the second degree in cal / cm2 in the Stoll Curve arc due to the appropriate thermal transfer. Greater the value, stronger the defense.

The Break open energy threshold is incident energy in a substance that offers a probability of breaking open by 50 percent. The open break has a total surface area of 1,6 cm2. The higher the interest, the more security it offers.

Research on single or multiple layers of material can be performed in both ATPV and EBT. By measuring multiple layers, you get a higher value than if the material is tested individually. This is due to the insulation and health effects of the air trapped within the fabrics.

What is IEC 61482 -1-1?

This the method used in the United States. Using this check method the ATPV or EBT50 value is calculated. The ATPV value is the value (cal / cm2) which predicts that 50 percent of the second brush is shielded. Greater the profit, the greater the protection and the greater the security. A minimum ATPV value of 8 is needed in the United States for personnel exposed to hazards in the electric arc. The label displays ATPV.

The “box” method is employed in Europe. A piece of fabric is exposed to an electric arc generated by a 4kA (Class 1) or 7kA (class 2) electrical arc. The sample transmission of heat shall be measured during and after the test. The sample conveys heat numbers. Based on the resulting data and the STOLL curve, the time needed to start the second-degree burns is then set. In Europe this is used for evaluating “box” (the analysis type is contrasted with 50354). This is also measured after flame, cavity formation, melting, etc. A full jacket must be tested including fabric samples.

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How‌ ‌Robotic‌ ‌Process‌ ‌Automation‌ ‌Helps‌ ‌in‌ ‌Banking‌ ‌ &‌ ‌Finance

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How‌ ‌Robotic‌ ‌Process‌ ‌Automation‌ ‌Helps‌ ‌in‌ ‌Banking‌ ‌ &‌ ‌Finance

Introduction

In the fast-paced world where every second makes value, the banking and finance sector is one that is highly dependent on manpower to meet its daily tasks. The tasks not only are time-consuming and repetitive but also require accuracy. Even a minor mistake in accounting can do blunders which may adversely affect the institution. It is then when the banking & finance sector felt the need for reforms that is the introduction of robotic process automation to minimize the time consumed as well as to increase accuracy in order to make the whole process efficient. Not only it increases efficiency but also, it does eliminate the need of expanding the infrastructure hence making the process cost-effective.

Positive impacts of robotic process automation

Since the time when robots have started replacing manual work, it’s been a relief in a way that humans are now able to explore other aspects of business and also the efficiency of doing work has raised considerably. There are multiple positive effects by which robotic process automation has impacted the banking and finance industry. 

  • Robots are to mimick human actions hence providing relief to humans from doing a task repetitively and instead letting them focus on revenue generation.
  • The interference of bots performing tasks has reduced the room for errors as machines can do repetitive tasks for a long time without fatigue.
  • It has enhanced security by as well as made the process faster by offering the customers to serve themselves for various tasks.
  • RPA has been working in a direction to streamline the workflow.
  • Time-saving: The introduction of robotic process automation has significantly reduced the amount of time consumed in completing the banking tasks.

Banking and finance by the robotic process automation

One can witness multiple tasks carried by the next-gen technology that is the RPA these days in the field of banking and finance.

    • KYC: The manual process of doing KYC can be replaced with the help of RPA which also will result in minimizing human errors.
    • Fraud prevention: Using RPA technology that performs algorithms for validating customer’s credentials can be an effective measure for fraud detection and prevention.
    • Mortgage Processing: RPA can simplify the process by assisting on multiple stages of mortgage processing hence making the loan disbursals easier and faster. 

 

  • Account Closure: The technology can also be beneficial in the account closure process by collating all such requests and delivering updates about the documentation required and account closure status.

 

  • Fetching data from multiple systems: The indulgence of bots in the banking and finance industry can also assist by collating the data fetched by the source system which is initially updated by an employee and updating it on the other networks connected to it.
  • Robotic process automation is an effective measure in addressing customer grievances on a real-time basis and re
  • directing it to the support staff only if required.

Conclusion

The world has witnessed a growth in machine-human interaction in the past decade and the same can be seen in the banking sector as well. The robotic process automation has not only reduced the burden of humans by performing time-consuming tasks but also have increased the accuracy and hence the productivity. By introducing robotic process automation in its system, banking institutions and bankers can get the most out of its infrastructure, assets, and employees.

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5 Amazing Benefits Of Cable Crossovers

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5 Amazing Benefits Of Cable Crossovers

Nowadays, life has become so busy that people do not get enough time to take care of themselves. Some of them want to keep themselves fit and in shape but that becomes quite difficult because of their busy lifestyle. Going out to the GYM requires a lot of time and after being busy all day long people feel so tired that they do not have enough energy for performing exercises. Such people want to get more results in lesser time and effort which can only be possible by using Cable cross over the machine. If a person is using a high-quality cable crossover machine then he would get his desired results. The quality of the product plays an important role in body transformation. The following are some of the benefits of cable cross overs that will change the lives of people.

Prevention from diseases:

People are suffering from different diseases because of their busy lifestyle. They remain stuck in one place and slowly all the physical activities are reducing from our daily life whether it is off work or at home. Which is becoming the main reason for different diseases. Cable crossover will provide safety from those diseases. They will involve all the body muscles for exercise which will keep a person active and will also repair the damaged muscles. In this way, a person’s immunity system will become stronger and he would remain prevented from a lot of diseases.

Adventurous:

Going out on Gym and doing exercises regularly sometimes becomes so boring after a specified period. Once a person gets into the shape he does not remain motivated for doing the exercise but this is not the case with cable crossovers. Every time a person starts doing the cable crossovers he feels more motivated and it’s a new adventure every time. It feels so great and there is always a new experience. So, this is the machine that always gives new adventures and keeps the users motivated for staying regular.

Different angles:

One of the best things about this machine is it can be used in any position of your choice. It will provide you with the same results whereas, other gym products have to be used in a specified position. Cable crossovers were designed in a way that they can be used in any position and would give you the same results. This is the main benefit that can help people because some people cannot stand up for so long so they can easily use cable crossover matching by sitting. It can be used in any position and will have the same impact on the body of a person.

Enhanced looks:

Looks is the main thing about which most of the people are worried about. This is the main basic requirement for some of the people because of their working nature like models, actors, wrestlers, athletes, etc. these all are required to be in shape and have a perfect body. So, these persons use cable crossovers regularly and can enjoy a broad chest with a perfect “V-Shaped” body. This will not only provide the people with perfect looks but will also boost the strength in the body ultimately, transforming their body into a healthy body. Having a healthy body is much more important than having the perfect one and cable crossover is providing a person with both in a single effort. One will not have to work so hard and on different exercises for

Losing weight and getting into shape this will be done by the cable crossover machine all at once. People using cable crossovers are so satisfied with their benefits and results. They have always enjoyed using it and recommend others for its benefits and comfort it is providing.

Muscle Hypertrophy:

When cable crossover is used it involves all the muscles of the body especially from the upper part of the body. More force and strength are used from the upper body in this way the blood flow in the muscles improves which ultimately not only gives strength to the present muscles but also repairs the damaged part of the muscles. Moreover, some extra muscles generated in the body which will provide extra strength to the person and will enhance the look of the person. this is why people prefer cable crossovers especially when their main focus is on muscle development or repairing.

These are some of the benefits provided by the cable crossovers which has influenced people for its regular use. It helps them to get their required results and enjoy a healthy life with perfect looks. So, don’t waste time on other machines just try a cable crossover machine and get your desired look!

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